Cure Monitoring of Composite Carbon/Epoxy through Electrical Impedance Analysis

M. Mounkaila, T. Camps, S. Sassi, Ph. Marguerès, Ph. Olivier, C.Escriba, and J.Y.Fourniols
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Full Paper
phmce_14_037.pdf428.88 KBMay 23, 2014 - 1:00pm

Composite materials are increasingly used in aeronautic; they offer many benefits such as mechanical strength, mass and consumption reduction. However, their process development needs to be known and controlled, in order to adjust the process parameters and optimize the characteristics of structures made from these materials. This paper is focused on impedance spectroscopy measurement and analysis technique to characterize material’s properties. In fact, the composites based on carbon fiber have electrical proprieties; therefore a three-dimensional modeling of the electrical conduction in the material is established by using a distributed allocation of an electrical resistance (RP) in parallel with a capacitance (CP). Then, thin electrodes (40 μm thick) are inserted inside the material and a specific impedance measurement bench is developed to perform real-time measurements of RP and CP on unidirectional (UD) mono-ply and multi-plies samples. During curing (in an oven) the change in values of both RP and CP in different stages of the curing cycle is showed. Then, problems that occur during the curing cycle (layup defect, loss of vacuum) were detected by a large gap of the measured electrical parameters in comparison with the ordinary case. Therefore, by this electrical measurement, we present a way to ensure an automated real-time monitoring of the composite curing process.

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Submission Keywords: 
CFRP ; Electrical modeling ; Electrical impedance spectroscopy ; cure monitoring.
Submission Topic Areas: 
Health management system design and engineering
Model-based methods for fault detection, diagnostics, and prognosis
Verification and validation
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