Robust Passive Fault Tolerant Control applied to jet engine Equipment

Yani SOUAMI, Nazih Mechbal, and Stephane Ecoutin
Submission Type: 
Full Paper
phmce_14_047.pdf578.41 KBJune 12, 2014 - 4:05pm

In order to minimize the occurrence of unexpected costly flight failures modern aircraft engines industry focuses especially on increasing product’s availability. In this work, we propose to monitor the health of Variable Stator Vane (VSV), subsystem controlling the amount of airflow through the High Pressure Compressor (HPC) allowing optimum compressor performance. This control of airflow prevents the engine from stalling. The proposed methodology is based on an original approach for real time on-board Passive Fault Tolerant Control (PFTC). The objective of the proposed PFTC is to provide acceptable performance and preserve stability when faults occur. The method relies on designing a specific Robust Virtual Sensor in a Linear Parameter Variable (LPV) polytopic framework. The robustness to model uncertainties is ensured by a Neural Extended Kalman Filter (NEKF) accommodating, in real time, the model prediction. In the proposed methodology, an off-line closed-loop identification scheme is first used to elaborate a multi local linear state space models, after that a multi-model observer based on Linear Matrix Inequalities (LMI) optimization is used to build the virtual sensor. The NEKF is added to circumvent online model accuracy problems. The efficiency and limit of the approach are shown and discussed through simulations on a complete numerical engine test bench.

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Submission Keywords: 
Fault tolerant control
Virtual sensor
Neural Extended Kalman Filter (NEKF)
Model Identification
Linear Parameter Variable (LPV)
robuste estimation
Submission Topic Areas: 
Component-level PHM
Health management system design and engineering
Industrial applications
Model-based methods for fault detection, diagnostics, and prognosis
Modeling and simulation
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