A Vibration-Based Approach for Stator Winding Fault Diagnosis of Induction Motors: Application of Envelope Analysis

Chao Jin, Agusmian P. Ompusunggu, Zongchang Liu, Hossein D. Ardakani, Fredrik Petre, and Jay Lee
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Full Paper
phmc_14_021.pdf954.17 KBSeptember 17, 2014 - 2:58pm

Induction motors are usually considered as one of the key components in various applications. To maintain the availability of induction motors, it calls for a reliable condition monitoring and prognostics strategy. Among the common induction motor faults, stator winding faults are usually diagnosed with current and voltage signals. However, if the same performance can be achieved, the use of vibration signal is favorable because the winding fault diagnostic method can be integrated with bearing fault diagnostic method which has been successfully proven with vibration signal. Existing work concerning vibration for winding faults often takes it either as auxiliary to magnetic flux, or is not able to detect the winding faults unless severity is already quite significant. This paper proposes a winding fault diagnostic method based on vibration signals measured on the mechanical structure of an induction motor. In order to identify the signature of faults, time synchronous averaging was firstly applied on the raw vibration signals to remove discrete frequency components originating from the dynamics of the shaft and/or gears, and the spectral kurtosis filtering was subsequently applied on the residual signal to emphasize the impulsiveness. For the purpose of enhancing the residual signal in practice, a demodulation technique was implemented with the help of kurtogram. A series of experiments have been conducted on a three-phase induction motor test bed, where stator inter-turn faults can be easily simulated at different loads, speeds and severity levels. The experimental results show that the proposed method was able to detect inter-turn faults in the induction motor, even when the fault is incipient.

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Submission Keywords: 
Induction Motor
fault diagnosis
Envelope Analysis
stator winding faults
Submission Topic Areas: 
Component-level PHM
Data-driven methods for fault detection, diagnosis, and prognosis
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