Estimation of Bogie Performance Criteria Through On-Board Condition Monitoring

Parham Shahidi, Dan Maraini, Brad Hopkins, and Andrew Seidel
Submission Type: 
Full Paper
AttachmentSizeTimestamp
phmc_14_066.pdf759.07 KBAugust 12, 2014 - 12:37pm

In this paper, bogie performance criteria are reviewed and it is shown that a real-time, on-board condition monitoring system can efficiently monitor these criteria to improve failure mode detection in freight rail operations. Although the dynamics of railcar bogie performance are well understood in the industry, this topic has recently received renewed attention through impending regulatory changes. These changes seek to extend empty railcar performance criteria to include loaded railcars as well.
Currently, the monitoring of bogie performance is limited to wayside detection systems in North America. These systems are only sparsely deployed in the track network and do not offer the ability to monitor bogies continuously. The lack of these elements leads to unexpected downtimes resulting in costly reactive maintenance and lengthy periods of time before an adequate performance history can be established.
This paper reviews performance criteria which critically influence bogie performance and proposes a vibration based condition monitoring strategy to estimate system component deterioration and their contribution to the development of bogie hunting. The strategy addresses both sensing techniques and monitoring algorithms to maximize the efficiency of the monitoring solution. In particular it is proposed that understanding the relation of different hunting modes to car body oscillations can be used for a deeper understanding of the rail car condition which current technologies are not able to provide.

Publication Year: 
2014
Publication Volume: 
5
Publication Control Number: 
066
Page Count: 
10
Submission Keywords: 
on-board
Condition Based Maintenance
freight rail
bogie performance
hunting
lateral instability
Submission Topic Areas: 
CBM and informed logistics
Component-level PHM
Physics of failure
Systems and platform applications
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