Online Monitoring and Fault Diagnosis of Hybrid Systems Using Switched Dynamic Bayesian Networks

Gan Zhou, Gautam Biswas, Wenquan Feng, and Xiumei Guan
Submission Type: 
Full Paper
AttachmentSizeTimestamp
phmc_15_018.pdf375.2 KBAugust 17, 2015 - 8:26pm

Modern real-world engineering systems typically have hybrid dynamic behaviors that can be modeled by continuous behaviors with discrete mode transitions. These complex systems present many significant challenges for online monitoring and diagnosis, including tracking system behavior, dealing with noisy measurements and disturbances, and diagnosing different types of faults. In this paper, we propose an integrated model-based diagnosis approach that extends the traditional Dynamic Bayesian Network-based particle filter approach for tracking continuous system dynamics. A novel mode diagnoser is presented that discriminates between residuals generated by inaccurate system tracking, discrete faults, and parametric faults. An extended quantitative fault isolation and identification scheme is combined with a qualitative fault isolation scheme to identify the abrupt parametric faults. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach by applying it to Reverse Osmosis (RO) subsystem of the Water Recovery System (WRS) developed at the NASA Johnson Space Center for long duration human missions.

Publication Year: 
2015
Publication Volume: 
6
Publication Control Number: 
018
Page Count: 
11
Submission Keywords: 
Hybrid Systems
Hybrid bond graphs
Dynamic Bayesian Networks
particle filter
Hybrid observer
Mode diagnoser
Fault isolation and identification
Submission Topic Areas: 
Model-based methods for fault detection, diagnostics, and prognosis
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