Probabilistic Prognosis of Non-Planar Fatigue Crack Growth

Patrick E. Leser, John A. Newman, James E. Warner, William P. Leser, Jacob D. Hochhalter, and Fuh-Gwo Yuan
Submission Type: 
Full Paper
phmc_16_012.pdf2.28 MBAugust 19, 2016 - 11:34am

Quantifying the uncertainty in model parameters for the purpose of damage prognosis can be accomplished utilizing Bayesian inference and damage diagnosis techniques such as non-destructive evaluation or structural health monitoring. The number of samples required to solve the Bayesian inverse problem through common sampling techniques (e.g., Markov chain Monte Carlo) renders high-fidelity finite element-based damage growth models unusable due to prohibitive computation times. However, these types of models are often the only option when attempting to model complex damage growth in real-world structures. Here, a recently developed high-fidelity fatigue crack growth model is used which, when compared to finite element-based modeling, has demonstrated reductions in computation times of three orders of magnitude through the use of surrogate models and machine learning. A probabilistic prognosis framework incorporating this model is developed and demonstrated for non-planar crack growth in a modified edge-notched aluminum tensile specimen. Predictions of remaining useful life are made over time for five updates of the damage diagnosis data, and prognostic metrics are utilized to evaluate the performance of the prognostic framework. Challenges specific to the probabilistic prognosis of non-planar fatigue crack growth are highlighted and discussed in the context of the experimental results.

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Submission Keywords: 
Bayesian inference
fatigue crack growth
Remaining useful Life
Uncertainty Quantification
Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC)
surrogate modeling
finite element analysis
non-planar cracks
Submission Topic Areas: 
Model-based methods for fault detection, diagnostics, and prognosis
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