A Qualitative Fault Isolation Approach for Parametric and Discrete Faults Using Structural Model Decomposition

Matthew Daigle, Anibal Bregon, and Indranil Roychoudhury
Submission Type: 
Full Paper
phmc_16_002.pdf2.62 MBAugust 25, 2016 - 2:20pm

With increasing complexity of engineering systems, fault diagnostics plays a significant role in ensuring that they operate safely. Such systems most often exhibit mixed discrete and continuous, i.e., hybrid, behavior, and may encounter both parametric faults (unexpected changes in system parameters) as well as discrete faults (unexpected changes in component modes). Diagnosis becomes computationally very complex due to the large number of possible system modes, and possible mode changes that occur near the point of fault occurrence. This paper presents a qualitative fault isolation framework for integrated diagnosis of both parametric and discrete faults in hybrid systems, based on structural model decomposition. Fault isolation is performed by analyzing the qualitative information of the residual deviations, and considering observation delay. The great advantage of structural model decomposition for this problem is that it essentially defines several smaller independent diagnosis problems that become more efficient to solve, and makes the overall diagnosis problem more scalable. To demonstrate and test the validity of our approach, we use a hydraulic multi-tank system as the case study in simulation. Results illustrate that the approach is both efficient and scalable.

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Submission Keywords: 
Hybrid Systems
fault diagnosis
discrete faults
parametric faults
qualitative fault isolation
Submission Topic Areas: 
Model-based methods for fault detection, diagnostics, and prognosis
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