Comparison of Two Probabilistic Fatigue Damage Assessment Approaches Using Prognostic Performance Metrics

Xuefei Guan, Yongming Liu, Ratneshwar Jha, Abhinav Saxena, Jose Celaya, and Kai Goebel
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Full Paper
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ijPHM_11_005.pdf177.28 KBJuly 25, 2011 - 2:58pm

In this paper, two probabilistic prognosis updating schemes are compared. One is based on the classical Bayesian approach and the other is based on newly developed maximum relative entropy (MRE) approach. The algorithm performance of the two models is evaluated using a set of recently developed prognostics-based metrics. Various uncertainties from measurements, modeling, and parameter estimations are integrated into the prognosis framework as random input variables for fatigue damage of materials. Measures of response variables are then used to update the statistical distributions of random variables and the prognosis results are updated using posterior distributions. Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) technique is employed to provide the posterior samples for model updating in the framework. Experimental data are used to demonstrate the operation of the proposed probabilistic prognosis methodology. A set of prognostics-based metrics are employed to quantitatively evaluate the prognosis performance and compare the proposed entropy method with the classical Bayesian updating algorithm. In particular, model accuracy, precision, robustness and convergence are rigorously evaluated in addition to the qualitative visual comparison. Following this, potential development and improvement for the prognostics-based metrics are discussed in detail.

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Submission Keywords: 
materials damage prognostics
performance metrics
probability of failure
Submission Topic Areas: 
Data-driven methods for fault detection, diagnosis, and prognosis
Model-based methods for fault detection, diagnostics, and prognosis
Structural health monitoring
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