An Event-based Approach to Distributed Diagnosis of Continuous Systems

Matthew Daigle, Indranil Roychoudhury, Gautam Biswas, and Xenofon Koutsoukos
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Full Paper
phmc_10_102.pdf279.32 KBSeptember 17, 2010 - 3:28pm

Distributed fault diagnosis solutions are becoming necessary due to the complexity of modern engineering systems, and the advent of smart sensors and computing elements. This paper presents a novel event-based approach for distributed diagnosis of abrupt parametric faults in continuous systems, based on a qualitative abstraction of measurement deviations from the nominal behavior. We systematically derive dynamic fault signatures expressed as event-based fault models. We develop a distributed diagnoser design algorithm that uses these models for designing local event-based diagnosers based on global diagnosability analysis. The local diagnosers each generate globally correct diagnosis results locally, without a centralized coordinator, by communicating a minimal number of measurements between themselves. The proposed approach is applied to a multi-tank system, and results demonstrate a marked improvement in scalability compared to a centralized approach.

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Submission Keywords: 
distributed diagnosis
discrete-event systems
qualitative fault diagnosis
continuous systems
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