Correction of Data Gathered by Degraded Transducers for Damage Prognosis in Composite Structures

Kyle R Mulligan, Nicolas Quaegebeur, Patrice Masson, and Sylvain Letourneau
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Full Paper
phmc_12_040.pdf1.86 MBSeptember 22, 2012 - 4:20pm

This paper presents an approach for the correction of data gathered for damage prognosis (DP) in composite structures. The validation setup consists of surface-bonded piezoceramic (PZT) transducers used in a Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) system with simulated bonding layer damage using Teflon masks. The modal damping around PZT mechanical resonance is used as a metric to assess and compensate for the degradation of the adhesive layer of the transducers. Modal damping is derived from electrical admittance curves using a lumped parameter model to monitor the degradation of the transducer adhesive layer. A Pitch-Catch (PC) configuration is then used to discriminate the effect of bonding degradation on actuation and sensing. It is shown that below the first mechanical resonance frequency of the PZT, degradation leads to a decrease in the amplitude of the transmitted and measured signals. Above resonance, in addition to a decrease in signal amplitude of the transmitted and measured signals, a slight linear phase delay is also observed. A Signal Correction Factor (SCF) is proposed to adjust signals based on adhesive degradation evaluated using the measured modal damping. The benefits of the SCF for prognostics feature generation are demonstrated in the frequency domain for the A0 mode.

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Submission Keywords: 
data gathering methodology
composite materials
damage prognosis
Submission Topic Areas: 
Structural health monitoring
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