Classification and Detection of Wind Turbine Pitch Faults Through SCADA Data Analysis

Jamie L. Godwin and Peter Matthews
Publication Target: 
Publication Issue: 
Special Issue Wind Turbine PHM
Submission Type: 
Full Paper
Supporting Agencies (optional): 
5G Technologies LTD
ijphm_13_016.pdf569.46 KBJuly 23, 2013 - 1:57pm

The development of wind turbine pitch faults leads to increased mechanical component degradation, severe reduction of asset performance, and a direct increase in annual maintenance costs for the operator. This paper presents a highly accurate data driven classification system for the diagnosis of wind turbine pitch faults. Early diagnosis of these faults can enable operators to move from traditional corrective or time based maintenance towards a predictive or proactive maintenance strategy, whilst simultaneously mitigating risks and requiring no further capital expenditure. Our approach provides transparent, human-readable rules for maintenance operators which have been validated by an independent domain expert. Data from 8 wind turbines was collected every 10 minutes over a period of 28 months with 10 attributes utilised to diagnose pitch faults. Three fault classes are identified, each represented by 6000 instances in each of the testing and training sets. Of the turbines, 4 are used to train the system with a further 4 for validation. Repeated random sampling of the majority fault class was used to reduce computational overheads whilst retaining information content and balancing the training and validation sets to remove majority class bias. A classification accuracy of 85.50% was achieved with 14 human readable rules generated via the RIPPER inductive rule learner. Of these, 11 were described as “useful and intuitive” by an independent domain-expert. An expert system was developed utilising the model along with domain knowledge, resulting in a pitch fault diagnostic accuracy of 87.05% along with a 42.12% reduction in pitch fault alarms.

Publication Year: 
Publication Volume: 
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Page Count: 
Submission Keywords: 
Wind Turbine
pitch faults
data mining
data analysis
Submission Topic Areas: 
Data-driven methods for fault detection, diagnosis, and prognosis
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